IFRS 2 Group Share-based Payment Accounting – (Explained)

IFRS 2 Group Share-based Payment provides GUIDANCE on when ‘the Parent grants Equity-Settled SBP to the Subsidiary Co. Employee(s)‘.

IFRS 2 Group Share-based Payment

1. Without Any Recharge Agreement

The parent receives goods/services indirectly through the subsidiary in the form of increased investment in the subsidiary.

This is due to the fact that Subsidiary receives goods/services from employee(s) that are paid for by the Parent, thereby INCREASING the value of the subsidiary. The amount recognized as an additional ‘Investment in the Subsidiary‘ is based on the grant date fair value (FV) of the SBP.

Parent Co.Subsidiary Co.
Debit: Investment in Subsidiary
Credit: SBPR
Debit: Expense – P&L
Credit: Equity (Capital Contribution by Parent)
IFRS 2 Group Share-based Payment

2. With Recharge Agreement

When Parent grants SBP to employee(s) of Subsidiary, the parent May require the subsidiary to Make the payment to REIMBURSE it for granting the SBP.

Parent Co.Subsidiary Co.
Parent RECOGNIZES its ‘Capital Contribution’ to the Subsidiary as an increase in its investment, the parent should recognize a ‘Recharge Asset‘ and a corresponding adjustment (credit) to the carrying amount of the investment in the subsidiary.

Debit: Recharge Asset
Credit: Investment in Subsidiary
As the subsidiary RECOGNIZES a ‘Capital Contribution’ as part of the SBP, it should recognize its Reimbursement of the capital contribution to the parent as an Adjustment.
The subsidiary should therefore recognize a Recharge Liability and a corresponding adjustment (debit) in equity for the capital contribution recognized in respect of the SBP.

Debit: Equity (Capital Contribution by Parent)
Credit: Recharge Liability

2.1 Fixed Recharges – Recharge Based on Grant Date FV

The ‘Parent’ and ‘Subsidiary’ should recognize the FV of the Recharge Asset and Recharge Liability as the services are provided by the employee in respect of the SBP.

2.2 Varying Recharges – Recharge Based on Exercise Date Intrinsic Value

Recharge Amount Smaller than SBP Expense
– The asset and liability arising from the Recharge Agreement should be Measured at the reporting date and ultimately at the settlement date for the changes in fair value (FV).
– The nature of the Recharge Agreement is of ‘Reimbursement of Capital Transaction‘, therefore any changes in the FV from initial recognition to settlement should be treated as a true-up of the initial estimate of the net capital contribution (should NOT be charged to P&L).
Recharge Amount Greater than SBP Expense
Recharged amount May be greater than the increase in investment recognized by the ‘Parent’ in respect of the SBP.

Subsidiary – The EXCESS should be treated by the subsidiary as a Net Capital Distribution.

Parent – In the absence of ‘Specific Guidance’ in IFRS 2, one of the following two approaches May-be adopted by the parent.
Approach 1Adjustment of Capital Contribution
The ‘Initial’ recognition and ‘Subsequent’ Re-Measurement of recharge amount would be recognized as a reduction in cost of investment in the subsidiary & the excess of the recharge would cause a reduction in the net investment in subsidiary.
Approach 2Dividend Income
The recharge amount in excess of the capital contribution recognized in respect of SBP could be recognized as dividend income.

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